Phase 3

By the time they reach Phase 3 of the Letters and Sounds programme, children will already be able to blend and segment words containing the 19 letters taught in Phase 2.

Over the 12 weeks which Phase 3 is expected to last, 25 new graphemes are introduced one at a time.

  • Set 6: j, v, w, x
  • Set 7: y, z, zz, qu
  • Consonant digraphs: ch, sh, th, ng
  • Vowel digraphs: ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er

During Phase 3, children will also learn the letter names using an alphabet song, although they will continue to use the sounds when decoding words.